ISSN 2071-8594

Russian academy of sciences

Editor-in-Chief

Gennady Osipov

Valery B. Tarassov Artificial Intelligence: From the Past to Future. Life Path Stages and Scientific Heritage of Prof. Dmitry A. Pospelov

Abstract.

The contribution of the outstanding scientist, the father of Artificial Intelligence in the USSR and Russia, the creator and first president of Soviet (now Russian) Association for AI, Prof. Dmitry Pospelov into various AI areas and related sciences has been considered. He was the founder of such new interdisci-plinary research fields as Situational Control and Applied Semiotics, Lingua-Logical Modeling, Pseudo-Physical Logics and Non-Standard circular, fuzzy and general Scales. He also was the pioneer of Comput-ers with Parallel and other Non-Traditional Architectures, the author of innovative approaches to individual and collective Behavior Modeling, including some original topics like computer-based behavior analysis of fairy tales heroes, as well as new techniques of Act Frames. Besides, Professor D.A. Pospelov has suggest-ed some interesting approaches to common-sense reasoning with taking into account the results of psycho-logical studies and proposed a classification of understanding levels. He should be viewed as a forerunner of agent theory and multi-agent systems with his early original contributions – Gyromata Theory and De-centralized Control in Collective Behavior.
By analogy with Bionics Dmitry Pospelov has coined the term Psychonics to specify a sort of Psy-chology for Artificial Systems. The objective of Psychonics is the investigation of main psychological approaches, methods, models and tools in order to their practical use in AI to create advanced intelli-gent systems. Here the main results concerning the architecture of human psyche, organization of hu-man activity and features of human personality are of primary concern.
The paradigm of Psychonics may be viewed as a precursor of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). Indeed, already in 1982 D.A. Pospelov formulated in his book «Fantasy or Science: on the Way to Ar-tificial Intelligence» a very wide vision of Artificial Intelligence: «Modern investigations in AI should be aimed at studying and modeling of Human Psyche for the sake of its simulation in technical sys-tems to solve a variety of practical problems conventionally viewed as intelligent ones» (p. 211).
It is worth stressing that in psychology, the word Psyche stands for the totality of human mind, both conscious and unconscious. The investigation of consciousness makes appeal to a well-known psycho-logical triad: «Cognition – Affect – Conation». So D.A. Pospelov has envisioned Intelligence as a wholistic, open, heterogeneous dynamic system that perfectly corresponds to AGI paradigm.

Keywords:

Artificial Intelligence, Psychonics, Situational Control, Semiotic Modeling, Applied Se-miotics, Pseudo-Physical Logics, External World Model, Behavior Model, Agent,Multi-Agent Sys-tem, Cognitive Modeling, Oppositional Scale.

PP. 12-42.

DOI 10.14357/20718594200202

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