A. V. Smirnov, T. V. Levashova, A. V. Ponomarev Decision Support Based on Human-Computer Collective Intelligence: Methodologies Analysis and Ontology Model
Recent technological and social changes associated with the appearance of the Internet of things, cloud computing, crowdsourcing technology, and the transition to the sharing economy have created the potential for organizing communities of machines and humans providing collective intelligence. Decision-making by such communities increases the efficiency of this process because the communities allow making better decisions than decisions that the participants of the communities would have made alone. Currently, solutions how to support the collective intelligence generated by human-machine communities do not exist. One of the problems to organize the decision-making process in a human-machine community is the problem of interoperability of communities’ participants. The purpose of this research is the development of an ontological model for decision support that would ensure the interoperability of the participants of decision-making process and provide their independency on any decision-making technology. Multiple decision-making methodologies have been analysed to achieve the research purpose. As a result of this analysis, two types of methodologies have been identified: 1) methodologies that support decision-making on how to solve a specific problem(s),and 2) methodologies that support decision-making on how to manage resources. These methodologies served as sources to identify ontological concepts relevant for modeling the process of finding a problem solution and for distributing the participants’ role functions. The ontological model of decision support based on the identified concepts has been developed. This model provides the participants of the human-machine community with an understanding of the decision-making problem and enables interactions between the participants.
decision support, human-machine collective intelligence, methodology, interoperability, ontology model.
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